Tag Archives: genome
In our Access Channel we’re trying to expose ideas, efforts, and insights about personal data access and it’s role in both generating personal and public insights. The last time we wrote about data donation we mentioned a few different projects that allowed you to collect and/or publish your self-tracking data for others to view and access. Today we’re going to showcase a few research-focused projects that collect personal data, but also allow participants to access the data they contribute. This seemingly minor addition, participant access to data, is actually a process not commonly employed by research studies. We’re very interested in new participatory models of research that respect participant’s rights to fully understand and access the data they contribute. If you know of others please get in touch and we’ll add them to the list.
Personal Genome Project: Harvard
Probably the most well-known of these research projects is the ongoing Personal Genomes Project based at Harvard University (PGP). Led by George Church and an outstanding team, the PGP is an ongoing research project recruiting participants to “share their genetic, health, and trait data in a public and non-anonymous manner. Participation is free.
Much like the project above, the American Gut project is an open call for participant to collect and share their data. In this case it is human microbiome data. Although enrollment is not free (they request donations starting at $99 to participate) data is returned to participants. (If you’re interested in participating in microbiome research, but live in Europe see the British Gut project)
Dynamics of the Human Microbiota
This new project, based out of Stanford, is also exploring the human microbiome. This study includes a variety of different perturbations and longitudinal data collection. Participants are compensated for their participation, their data is made accessible to them, and they have the opportunity to discuss their results with the study staff.
For those of you interested in research methods and ethics we recommend reading this brief article by Jeantine E. Lunshof, George M. Church, and Barbara Prainsack: Raw Personal Data: Providing Access
As part of the Quantified Self Public Health Symposium, we invited a variety of individuals from the research and academic community. These included visionaries and new investigators in public health, human-computer interaction, and medicine. One of these was Jason Bobe, the Executive Director of the Personal Genome Project. When we think of the intersection of self-tracking and health, it’s harder to find something more definitive and personal than one’s own genetic code. The Personal Genome Project has operated since 2005 as a large scale research project that “bring together genomic, environmental and human trait data.”
We asked Jason to talk about his experience leading a remarkably different research agenda than what is commonly observed in health and medical research. From the outset, the design of the Personal Genome Project was intended to fully involve and respect the autonomy, skills, and knowledge of their participants. This is manifested most clearly one of their defining characteristics, that each participant receives a full copy of their genomic data upon participation. It may be surprising to learn that this is an anomaly in most, if not all, health research. As Jason noted at the symposium, we live in an investigator-centered research environment where participants are called on to give up their data for the greater good. In Jason’s talk below, these truths are exposed, as well as a few example and insights related to how the research community can move towards a more participant-centered design as they begin to address large amounts of personal self-tracking data being gathered around the world.
I found myself returning to this talk recently when the NIH released a new Genomic Data Sharing Policy that will be applied to all NIH-funded research proposals that generate genomic data. I spent the day attempting to read through some of the policy documents and was struck by the lack of mention of participant access to research data. After digging a bit I found the only mention was in the “NIH Points to Consider for IRBs and Institutions“:
[...] the return of individual research results to participants from secondary GWAS is expected to be a rare occurrence. Nevertheless, as in all research, the return of individual research results to participants must be carefully considered because the information can have a psychological impact (e.g., stress and anxiety) and implications for the participant’s health and well-being.
It will not be surprise to learn that the Personal Genome Project submitted public comments during the the comment period. Among these comments was a recommendation to require “researchers to give these participants access to their personal data that is shared with other researchers.” Unfortunately, this recommendation appears not to have been implemented. As Jason mentioned, we still have a long way to go.